The Fascinating History of Photography.
Just like many words in specialty field, the word photography came to be from the Greek language based on 2 words: photos and graphein. Photos and graphein mean light and to draw respectively.Photography, as a word dates back in the early 1830s. This is not to indicate that people did not know about photography before that time. Evidence shows that this was a practice even 2 millenials before then. Ancient Chinese and Greek people were making art that could be said to be photography. What these communities were making is not the same as what the modern day photography. Nonetheless, it is rather fascinating not to forget how rich it is. If you want to learn the transition from camera obscura to smartphone then keep on reading. 2000 years ago, people realized that it is possible to create a picture if a dark room has a small home on one of the walls.
With an image standing outside the dark chamber, the image was projects on its anterior walls through the hole. The process is the definition of camera obscura. Lenses were available in the late years of the 16th century and they were mostly used by scientists and inventors. After the image was captured, the photographers then traced it and the rest of the parts were filled. You cannot talk about lithography without mentioning Nicephore Niepce. Lithography is basically the copying of the images on a lithographic stone. The end product would then be printed in ink. Heliography came to be in 1822 courtesy of Niepce. It is simply a process in which this process used light from the sun in completing the drawings. Niepce used heliography in copying the oil engravings to a number of surfaces including glass, pewter plates, stone as well zinc. After trying to create paper prints using this method, it failed. Louis-Jacques- Mande Daguerre became Niepce’s partner in 1829. He was working towards shortening the amount of needed in the exposure process. Niepce’s partner continued the work after his death and he was able to achieve the goal. Through the use of plates containing iodized silver which held the image and then exposing them to mercury, he was able to achieve that. Louis-Jacques- Mande Daguerre was able to develop his images much more quickly. Even with such a milestone, these images were not permanent. When such images were exposed to light they would dissolve. In 183, Louis-Jacques- Mande Daguerre was able to make permanent images. You can learn more about this history here.